Besides Mulhouse and Strasbourg, Colmar is the third most important Alsatian town. In order to be able to influence the new Grand Est region it has chosen to link up with the metropolitan centre STRASBOURG-MULHOUSE-COLMAR.
Colmar has a very rich architectural and historical heritage. Architectural because of its medieval houses, canals resembling the ones in Venice and its remarkable theater.
Historical because of its famous personalities, such as Auguste Bartholdi who created the Statue of Liberty in NEW-YORK.
Colmar is located in the heart of the Alsatian vineyard with a propitious winegrowing climate from which the town derives its title of Capital of Alsatian Wines.
Colmar experienced a rapid development during the Renaissance but suffered from troubles such as the German Peasants’ War and the 30 Years’ War.
Colmar has first been French but annexed to the German Empire in 1871 and became French again after the armistice of 1918. Colmar always consisted of numerous picturesque districts.
A first document mentioning Colmar dates back to 823 AD, stipulating that Louis the Pious donated a domain to the Abbey of Munster.
Since the Decapolis in 1354 (association of 10 imperial towns of Alsace) which defended privileges and security and lasted until the French Revolution, Colmar was managed by a bourgeois domination at the expense of the nobles.
Colmar knew its golden age in the 15th and 16th century, enriching merchants and having an important agricultural activity, allowing the construction of magnificent architectural treasures.
Colmar suffered great clashes following the 30 Years’ War that ruined the city.
Under the protection of the Swedes and then the French, Colmar wanted to regain its independence but Louis XIV did not give in and maintained his hold, which eventually led to Colmar becoming a royal town in 1678 while still retaining certain privileges.
Colmar was ceded to Germany in at the end of the war in 1870, became French again in 1918 and ended up under German domination during World War II.